Labor Trafficking Red Flags and Indicators

Top 10 Labor Trafficking Red Flags and Indicators

  • Individuals selling items or begging
  • Signs of physical abuse, violence, sleep deprivation, untreated injury, or illness
  • Groups of traveling sales or work crews sleeping in vehicles in parking lots
  • Individuals who are being closely monitored by someone
  • Not allowed to speak for themselves
  • Seems fearful or submissive to a person who is speaking for them
  • Individuals who do not seem to be allowed to come and go on their own
  • Individuals who do not carry their ownb identification or money
  • Mention of working conditions or wages that differ from what was advertised or promised
  • Mention of unpaid work, unusual work restrictions, or excessively long and/or unusual hours

Other Red Flags and Indicators of Labor Trafficking

  • Lack of knowledge of whereabouts or destination
  • Numerous inconsistencies in their story
  • Few or no personal possessions
  • Language barrier
  • Lack of freedom of movement
  • Watched 24/7 or living with an employer
  • Newcomer to the country
  • Lack of documents / documents controlled by someone else
  • Debt bondage
  • Submissiveness / signs of anxiety / depression / extreme nervousness
  • Poor living conditions
  • Responses appear to be drafted or rehearsed
  • Vague/inconsistent explanations about where they live and work
  • They seem to change locations frequently
  • Unpaid or very low paid
  • Stockholm syndrome
  • Severe injuries that have not been treated and are explained vaguely or reluctantly
  • Evidence of long-term multiple injuries
  • Signs of physical abuse or general physical neglect
  • Eating disorder or poor nutrition
  • Signs of self-harm
  • Fatigue
  • Non-specific symptoms of PTSD
  • Symptoms of psychiatric or psychological problems
  • Back or stomach pain, skin problems, headaches, and dizziness
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